How to hydrogenate sugar


Sugar is a sweet product that can be obtained from cane or beet plants. Sugar prices declined steadily, as it ceased to be a luxury and has become a current necessity, since its discovery by Western Europeans around 1099. The European Union, Brazil and India are the world's largest producers. The sugar, or sucrose, breaks down into glucose and fructose after it is hydrogenated.

You will need to:
  • 100 mm bottle
  • Distilled water
  • Saccharose
  • balance
  • Plastic spatula
  • Plug
  • dropper Milliliter (ml)
  • 3M hydrochloric acid (HCL)
  • 50 ml test tube
  • Sink
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Fill a 100 ml bottle with half distilled water; the water line, or the meniscus, should be in the "50" when finished.


Place the sugar on the scale and measure 0.324 grams of it. Scrape into the flask of distilled water carefully with the plastic spatula when finished, and allow its particles to dissolve in the water. Put a cap on the jar.


Aspirate 30 ml of the HCL solution with the mL dropper and squeeze it into a 50 ml graduated cylinder.


Combine the HCL of the graduated cylinder with distilled water from the thermos and sucrose, gently pouring the HCL into the thermos over a sink. Put a cap on the bottle when you have finished emptying.


Shake the contents of the bottle up and down gently to combine the contents, the hydrolysis process is carried out during the tremor. Once finished, the hydrogenation of sucrose It produces glucose and fructose in the bottle.

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  • Try using more sucrose or HCL, and less distilled water, to get a higher concentration of hydrogenated sucrose or glucose and hydrogenated fructose.
  • Do not consume the contents of the bottle, hydrogenation of sucrose in fructose and hydrogenated glucose is for experimental purposes only.
  • Always wear safety glasses and rubber gloves before beginning hydrogenation experiments to protect your face and hands.